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Stroke Information

What is a Stroke?

A stroke is a sudden interruption of blood flow to the brain.  If blood flow is not restored within minutes, this will result in damage to the brain tissue and the functions they control.

There are 2 types of strokes: ischemic stroke (blockage in an artery) or hemorrhagic stroke (an artery rupture).


What is a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)?

A transient ischemic attack (TIA)  occurs when there is a temporary blockage in the artery.  TIA symptoms are shorter in duration, lasting for a few minutes to an hour.  Experiencing a TIA is an important warning sign of a possible stroke.

Urgent medical attention is warranted to reduce the risk of a stroke.


Signs of Stroke:  F.A.S.T.

Call 911 if you or someone you know shows signs of stroke (please see graphic below).  For more information, visit the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada website.

The F.A.S.T. Signs of Stroke poster comes in multiple languages.  To access these resources, please click on the below links:

What are a stroke, TIA and the risk factors?  The links below provide access to this information in multiple languages:


Stroke Risk Factors

Risk factors for stroke can be divided into two categories: non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors.  Modifiable risk factors can be controlled by medications, medical treatment, or lifestyle changes. In contrast, non-modifiable risk factors cannot be altered.

Modifiable Risk Factors Non-Modifiable Risk Factors

What is High Blood Pressure or Hypertension? (in multiple languages)

Signs of a Stroke

If you experience any of the following signs dial 911 immediately.Read More