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Stroke Information

What is a Stroke?

A stroke is a sudden interruption of blood flow to the brain.  If blood flow is not restored within minutes, this will result in damage to the brain tissue and the functions they control.  There are 2 types of strokes: ischemic stroke (blockage in an artery) or hemorrhagic stroke (an artery rupture).  For more information, click here.


What is a Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA)?

A transient ischemic attack (TIA) occurs when there is a temporary blockage in the artery.  TIA symptoms are the same as a stroke but are shorter in duration, lasting for a few minutes to an hour.  Experiencing a TIA is an important warning sign of a possible stroke. For more information, click here.


Signs of Stroke:  F.A.S.T.

Call 911 if you or someone you know shows signs of stroke (please see graphic below).  For more information, visit the Heart and Stroke website.

The F.A.S.T. Signs of Stroke poster also comes in multiple languages.  To access these resources, please click on the below links:

What are a stroke, TIA and the risk factors? The links below provide access to this information in multiple languages:


Risk factors for stroke can be divided into two categories: non-modifiable risk factors and modifiable risk factors.  Modifiable risk  factors can be controlled by medications, medical treatment, or lifestyle changes. In contrast, non-modifiable risk factors cannot be altered.

  Modifiable Risk Factors   Non-Modifiable Risk Factors
  • Hypertension
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Diabetes
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Sleep apnea
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Physical inactivity
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol and drug abuse
  • Stress
  • Advanced age
  • Gender
  • Family and medical history
  • Ethnicity
  • Prior stroke or TIA

What is High Blood Pressure or Hypertension? (in multiple languages)



University Health Network Patient and Family Education Program

The University Health Network Patient and Family Education Program is dedicated to providing you with the materials and resources you need to be a well-informed patient.  For more information, please visit their website.


St Michael’s Online Health Library

St. Michael’s Hospital Krames Online Health Library offers a variety of resources to help individuals stay up to date with the latest health information.  For more information, please visit their website.


Signs of a Stroke

If you experience any of the following signs dial 911 immediately.Read More